Andy Warhol , (American, 1928–1987), Visual Artist
A fourth born child to the working-class parents, who emigrated from Slovakia to Pittsburgh Pennsylvania during the first quarter of a 20th century, persuaded successfully career as a commercial illustrator.
Andy Warhol born on August 6, 1928, an artist, director, and producer who was a noticeable figure in the visual art movement. Warhol graduated from Schenley High school in 1945 and enrolled to study Pictorial design in Carnegie Institute of Technology.
Warhol devoted his attention to painting in the late 1950s, Like his contemporaries Roy Lichtenstein and Robert Rauschenberg, he debuted to pop art painting that concentrated on mass-produced consumer items which created a major shift in the art world, brought Warhol’s pop art to a point to get prominence and popularity.
Warhol Exhibit his iconic painting of Campbell’s soup cans in 1962 including other famous artwork vacuum cleaners, Coca-cola bottles, and hamburger queued him in the list of the most renowned artist of his time.
Being an artist Andy Warhol’s theory was the industrialization of the art using screen printing as a tool, this process has harmonized his sensibilities. Screen printing has rushed Warhol reputation and popularity as a leader in the pop art movement.
Warhol used vibrant and bright colours to paint famous celebrity portraits; some of his astonishing created artwork includes portraits of Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, Mick Jagger, and Mao Zedong. Warhol’s ‘Eight Elvises’ resold for 100 Million in 2008 making one-off most prized artwork in world history. He was a highly paid commercial artist in New York within the decade, move to aspire the taste for money and fame.
Andy Warhol studio in New York with the name “The Factory” turned to a place as New York high rated Cultural hotspot and hosted city’s groundbreaking lavish parties besides that it was the well know the place for gathering of high profile intellects, drag queens and street people. Warhol produced sculptures, shoes and commissioned work for various genres to sell items. He gets a commission on silkscreen portraits canvases later which was doubled to finance the factory. During 1980s Warhol collaborated with a young artist, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Francesco Clemente, and Keith Haring. He founded a gossip magazine name “Interview” for people he endorsed. It is more intriguing and evident that he has produced people; the personalities he accompanied in artwork and social life are grouped as Warhol superstars.
The thirst of discovering new thing has not halted at all, which leads continuation to explore other forms of media. Warhol Published book which got a remarkable accreditation is “The philosophy of Warhol”. He tested video art producing 60 films during his career, distinctive ones are “Sleep; a story of a poet John Giorno sleeping nude for six hours” and “ Eat; showcased a man-eating mushroom for 45 minutes” and “The Chelsea Girl’
Warhol practised Ruthenian Catholic. He was a regular attendee of church and priest has noted his appearance on a daily basis even though he wants to keep his religion private. Despite being secretive on the matter of religion, many of his later works illustrate the religious subject. Images of Jesus in Andy Warhol Series “The Last Supper” were a religious-themed work.
talking about Andy Warhol Sexuality, he pointed out that he is still Virgin when interviewed in 1980, considered as true but his hospital treatment back in 1960 and Warhol Lover’s statement on their relationship and definition of his kindness and generosity when they use to be alone contradicts his virginity. He widely accepts as a gay and homosexuality influenced his work. A homoerotic sketch of male nudes, the first work that was submitted to the art gallery was overruled.
Warhol Died on February 22, 1987, at age of 58. He was recovering from the gall bladder surgery but he could not make it due to the sudden irregular heartbeat while he was sleeping, later hospital was sued by his family for inadequate care.
After his death, Andy Warhol Museum in his native city Pittsburgh was opened which holds an extreme permanent collection of art and archives solely endowed and dedicated for displaying of Andy Warhol artworks and possessions featured 900 paintings, 77 sculptures, photographs and more than 4000 Warhol Videotaped work and films. Besides this, his artwork is held in many other places like The Whitney Museum of American Art and The Tate Gallery in London.
He projected a concept that artist should be impersonal, a figure who should be a celebrity and businessman. His life has taught and gave new ways to the artist next to come. Andy Warhol’s personality has delivered and dictated a lot for the visual art world.
Andy Warhol Interview, Andy Warhol Documentary